Stratification system derives from common values it follows from the existence of values that individuals will be evaluated and therefore placed in some form of rank order.
Functionalism emerged in Europe in the 19th century as a response to what was perceived as a crisis of social order.
Functionalism seemed to be the result of two developments. The French Revolution which suggested ideals of equality, happiness and freedom of the individual. These historical conditions which were seen to approximate a crisis of economic and political order thus gave rise to a very conservative type of sociology which reflects a concern with the need for social order and integration.
Functionalism is necessary if the social and economic crisis was to be overcome and controlled.
Main idea in Functionalism, and the starting point of all Functionalism is that all societies have certain basic needs and Functional requirements which must be met if a society is to survive.
Functionalists are therefore concerned with the contribution the various parts of a society make towards those needs.
All Functionalism is concerned with the basic need and desirability for social order and stability to prevail in society. David Emile Durkheim draws an analogy between the way a biological organism works and society. The various organs of a living thing work together in order to maintain a healthy whole in much the same way that various institutions in society work together to produce social order.
Central Value System - Functionalists believe that the basis of an orderly society is the existence of a central value system that imposes common values on all its members. Therefore, when Functionalists look at the ways in which the various parts of society contribute to bringing about social order they are mainly concerned with the ways in which these parts help to perpetuate and maintain this common value system.
Talcott Parsons and Education The family is the Primary agent of Socializationand in the family we are judged on particularistic terms because we gain ascribed status from the Family. We are judged in terms of our status as brother, sister, daughter, son etc.Functionalist Theory.
Similar to consensus theory, but this theory also looks at how the law acts to resolve everyday disputes in society, and how it acts to serve everyone, not just the powerful.
The law also serves a symbolic function and . Functionalism is often referred to as consensus perspective theory because it doesn’t address the issue of conflict and conflict perspectives in society, rather functionalism projects an ideal picture of harmonious social relationships.
Assess the strengths and weaknesses of the functionalist view on society. Functionalism is a consensus perspective, whereby society is based on shared values and norms into which members are socialised. For functionalists, society is seen as a system of social institutions such as the economy.
A consensus, structural theory which centers around the idea that people benefit from, and love society Emile Durkheim Early functionalist writer who . Consensus theory is a social theory that holds a particular political or economic system is a fair system, and that social change should take place within the social institutions provided by it.
Consensus theory contrasts sharply with conflict theory, which holds that social change is only achieved through conflict. A consensus, structural theory which centers around the idea that people benefit from, and love society Emile Durkheim Early functionalist writer who composed the Organic Analogy.