Writings[ edit ] She is the author of Home Advantage: Realistic Accounts of Fieldworkand author of Unequal Childhoods: Class, Race, and Family Life
For Lareau, life chances, or opportunities to succeed in life vary by socioeconomic status and institutional advantages, or compensations one acquires through child-rearing which are useful in an academic setting.
The terms natural growth and concerted cultivation, both coined by Lareau, refer to types of child rearing resulting from these differing socioeconomic statuses. Children in both categories grow up in different social settings and are therefore dealt different sets of cultural capital.
As they mature, they use this cultural capital to construct their own social trajectory, or path in society. These benefits, though not tangible, vary greatly across the two categories. In order to obtain food, her parents turned to agricultural labor and developed their land into their own Garden of Eden.
Fortunately, mother graduated high school and when she turned nineteen, she immigrated to the United States with a few of her siblings. They moved in with a distant uncle until they could afford their own apartment.
Mom worked in a factory full-time and attended English classes in a nearby public school. She struggled a great deal because of the language barrier. Soon she decided to attend LaGuardia Community College.
Both my parents resulted from natural growth, but my father never graduated high school back in Dominican Republic, and unlike Mom, he never went to college. She managed to get her associates degree before I came into the picture. Once I arrived, she and I moved into the public housing projects in Brooklyn.
A couple of years later when my father returned she began working for the post office: Then she and dad had my sister. Soon after, my parents divorced, mom remarried to my stepfather and we moved into our own home. We had finally achieved social mobility. He never stressed the importance of school to me.
For the most part, I figured it out on my own in elementary school. I realized that all the smart kids got pizza and ice cream parties and that the teachers treated them better. My sister however, emerged as the product of concerted cultivation. Since we moved to a new home, she grew up in a completely different environment, a safer one with more potential.
Professionals and friends who practiced concerted cultivation greatly influenced the way my mother thought. Till this day my mom has her taking acting courses in the city.Specifically, the advantages of “concerted cultivation” are more easily translated into skills and credentials that allow them to get ahead economically (education, skills, cultural knowledge, life experiences), suggesting that the Stephens-Fowler children will be more likely than the Long children to rise into middle class positions.
Jul 02, · It is a popular belief that middle-class families use concerted cultivation as their method of parenting and the lower-class use the accomplishment of natural growth. In other words, middle-class families have the tendency to over-parent and the lower-class have a more hands off approach.
There are two primary ways to raise children: concerted cultivation and accomplishment of natural growth (Lareau, ). Concerted cultivation is the type of child rearing seen mostly in middle-class families while accomplishment of natural growth. racial concerted cultivation and the accomplishment of natural growth, which, I argue, respectively correspond to ‘explicit’ and ‘implicit’ socialization approaches to conveying messages about culture, race, and .
It is well established that cultural and economic resources imparted to children vary significantly by social class. Literature on concerted cultivation has highlighted the way out-of-school. This paper takes as its starting point the concept of concerted cultivation as coined by Annette Lareau.
It examines whether a focus on concerted cultivation adequately captures the various practices observed in young women's experiences of being privately educated in four schools in one area of .