Comparison of Theories Comparison of Theories 2 This paper is a comparison of three different viewpoints on the subject of personality. Skinner, and Carl Rogers all had very different outlooks on what defined someones personality. As an added feature I have included myself as a theorist because my views are also different from the previous mentioned theorists.
Many theorists have influenced our understanding of early childhood and the way humans learn and develop. Some theorists sought to awaken society to the discrepancies Comparison of theorists traditional education.
They strayed from the historical approach, which viewed children as empty vessels that are to be filled and shaped, and instead, advocated a more progressive approach, which demanded that society look at children as individuals, with their own strengths and drive to learn.
Friedrich Froebel Friedrich Froebel, who lived from towas best known for his kindergarten system. He believed that humans are inherently creative beings and that play Comparison of theorists facilitate creative expression.
As written on the website, Froebel Web, Froebel believed that "The kindergarten was to be an environment in which children could reach their full creative potential under the protective and interactive guidance of an adult.
The teacher's role is to assist in the child's discovery. Froebel claimed that effective learning occurs via a child's regular interaction with the world. John Dewey John Dewey lived from to Dewey was a founder of the philosophical movement called pragmatism and a key theorist of the progressive movement in education.
Like Froebel, Dewey believed that a child's daily experience is critical to his learning and that curriculum should relate to children's lives. According to PBS, "Unlike earlier models of teaching, which relied on authoritarianism and rote learning, progressive education asserted that students must be invested in what they were learning.
He felt that children do not need activities to learn because they have their own internal tendencies toward action. Lastly, Dewey argued that education should not be solely about preparing for the future.
Education focus on the importance of living in the present. Maria Montessori Maria Montessori lived from to In a manner similar to Froebel, she believed in the importance of the senses in cultivating the independence of the child. She agreed with Dewey that children have a natural aim to learn.
In her book, "The Secret of Childhood," she wrote, "When a new being comes into existence, it contains within itself mysterious guiding principles, which will be the source of its work, character, and adaptation to its surroundings.
Froebel's kindergarten engaged children in group learning and provided materials for imaginative use versus practical use. Dewey believed that fostering the imagination and social relationships should precede the expansion of the intellect. Montessori argued that only by developing the intellect can the imagination and social relationships emerge.
She emphasized freedom within a structured environment. Jean Piaget Jean Piaget was born in His theory of cognitive development focuses on stages of growth and on a child's ability to acquire knowledge gradually.
Piaget focused on intellectual development. He, too, believed that children develop because of their personal interactions. He believed children use "schemas" to acquire information. WebMD, in the article "Piaget Stages of Development," calls these stages "a blueprint" for normal intellectual development.
The stages include sensorimotor birth through 18 to 24 monthspreoperational 18 to 24 months through age 7concrete operational 7 to 12and formal operational adolescence through adulthood. The sensorimotor stage is a time of experimentation and physical interactions with one's environment.
During the preoperational stage, children develop language skills, memory and imagination.
During the concrete operational stage, logical reasoning and an awareness of external events are the key markers of this phase.
In the formal operational stage, children engage with abstract concepts such as justice. Erik Erikson Erik Erikson, who lived from throughargued that the individual develops on three levels at the same time: The childhood stages of development focus on identity formation and include the following: He believed that all people pass through these stages as they grow into adults, as they learn about the world and as they form their personalities.A Comparison of Theorists Maliha-Sameen Saeed ECH December 14, There are many great theorists for the Early Childhood Education.
Lev Vygotsky and Jean Piaget are two of the many theorists that benefit the teachers and parents to comprehend their children learning development.
PSY Personality Psychology Comparison of Theorist Directions: Complete the following chart. Use APA in-text citations including page numbers if available. Use APA in-text citations including page numbers if available%(23).
Social exchange theory is a social psychological and sociological perspective that explains social change and stability as a process of negotiated exchanges between parties. Social exchange theory posits that human relationships are formed by the use of a subjective cost-benefit analysis and the comparison of alternatives.
Comparison of Theories 3Understanding PersonalityPersonality is the unique, relatively enduring internal and external aspects of a persons character that influence behavior in different situations.
To understand the many different theories of personality you must understand that personalities are as unique as snowflakes.
A Comparison of Theorists Maliha-Sameen Saeed ECH December 14, There are many great theorists for the Early Childhood Education. Lev Vygotsky and Jean Piaget are two of the many theorists that benefit the teachers and parents to comprehend their children learning development.
This paper on Benjamin is part 1 of a series presenting the wor of three contemporary theorists whose ideas are associated with the intersubjective turn in psychoanalysis. Part 2, on Bollas, and part 3, on Ehrenberg, will appear in subsequent issues of Psychoanalytic Dialogues.
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