Asoka Asoka reigned ca. He combined the piety of a saint with the practical qualities of a king, and in the history of Buddhism he ranks second only to Buddha. By the 3d century B.
He issued a large number of edicts,… In order to gain wide publicity for his teachings and his work, Ashoka made them known by means of oral announcements and by engravings on rocks and pillars at suitable sites.
These inscriptions—the rock edicts and pillar edicts e. His utterances rang of frankness and sincerity. According to his own accounts, Ashoka conquered the Kalinga country modern Orissa state in the eighth year of his reign.
The sufferings that the war inflicted on the defeated people moved him to such remorse that he renounced armed conquests. It was at this time that he came in touch with Buddhism and adopted it.
Under its influence and prompted by his own dynamic temperament, he resolved to live according to, and preach, the dharma and to serve his subjects and all humanity. He spoke of no particular mode of religious creed or worship, nor of any philosophical doctrines.
He spoke of Buddhism only to his coreligionists and not to others. To practice the dharma actively, Ashoka went out on periodic tours preaching the dharma to the rural people and relieving their sufferings.
He ordered his high officials to do the same, in addition to attending to their normal duties; he exhorted administrative officers to be constantly aware of the joys and sorrows of the common folk and to be prompt and impartial in dispensing justice.
It was ordered that matters concerning public welfare were to be reported to him at all times. The only glory he sought, he said, was for having led his people along the path of dharma. No doubts are left in the minds of readers of his inscriptions regarding his earnest zeal for serving his subjects.
More success was attained in his work, he said, by reasoning with people than by issuing commands. Among his works of public utility were the founding of hospitals for men and animals and the supplying of medicines, and the planting of roadside trees and groves, digging of wells, and construction of watering sheds and rest houses.
Orders were also issued for curbing public laxities and preventing cruelty to animals. With the death of Ashoka, the Mauryan empire disintegrated and his work was discontinued.
His memory survives for what he attempted to achieve and the high ideals he held before himself. He built a number of stupas commemorative burial mounds and monasteries and erected pillars on which he ordered inscribed his understanding of religious doctrines.
He took strong measures to suppress schisms within the sangha the Buddhist religious community and prescribed a course of scriptural studies for adherents. The Sinhalese chronicle Mahavamsa says that when the order decided to send preaching missions abroad, Ashoka helped them enthusiastically and sent his own son and daughter as missionaries to Sri Lanka.
A sample quotation that illustrates the spirit that guided Ashoka is:Maurya Empire Timeline Timeline Description: The Maurya Empire ( BCE - BCE) was an Iron Age power in ancient India ruled by the Maurya Dynasty. With its origins in the Magadha kingdom, it was one of the world's largest empires in its time and the largest ever in the Indian subcontinent.
After Ashoka’s death, however, the Mauryan dynasty came to an end and its empire dissolved. Ashoka's Rule In the beginning, Ashoka ruled the empire like his grandfather did, in an efficient but cruel way. Chandragupta Maurya.
The accession of King Chandragupta Maurya is a great event in the history of India.
He was the first ruler who practically established an empire encompassing almost the whole of India. The capital of the Mauryan Dynasty was located at Pataliputra and was known as one of the most beautiful cities in the world. Candragupta, Bindusara, and Asoka are the most renowned emperors, with Asoka being the most known.
Ashoka (Asoka) was the third ruler of the Mauryan Empire. Under his long rule the empire that he inherited reached its zenith territorially and culturally.
Soon after his death the Mauryan Empire split up and ended. He is remembered as a great ruler in world history and the greatest ruler in India. Mauryan rule continued under Chandragupta’s son, Bindusara, and grandson, Asoka, who succeeded in uniting almost all of ancient India.
Although few facts exist about Chandragupta’s last years, Jains believe that he ultimately converted to Jainism and fasted to death in southern India.